Bass Spawn 101

Fishing the Bass Spawn 101


When winter comes to an end and the water begins to warm up again, bass feel the need to mate. While there are some challenges, this can still be a good time for bass fishing. The ideal conditions for the bass spawn is when the water temperature is between 60 to 75 degrees. The bulk of the spawn will occur in the spring, however location will pay a role in the occurrence as well. When they are ready to spawn, bass don’t waste time and get to it right away. The entire spawning process, which involves finding a companion, making a nest, hatching the eggs and protecting the young fish till they mature enough to leave the nest, is all typically done within a three week time period.


A male bass will search for a proper nesting location and prepare it for the spawn. Then the male fish circles the nest and waits for a female. When she decides to join the male in the nest, they begin the mating procedure right away. It begins with the two fish swimming next to each other, slanted on their sides. They simultaneously release their eggs and sperm into the nest. The female's spawning responsibilities are then complete and she is free to leave the area or mate with another bass.


The male bass is fully responsible for watching the spawn. He protects the eggs from predators until they hatch a few days later. After hatching, the young fish will spend two weeks growing and learning what to eat. Then they will leave the nest allowing the male to mate again or leave for warmer waters.



Spawn Bass Fishing

Recognizing when and where bass spawn is helpful to any bass fisherman. Since they are so abundant, a bass’ choice of spawning area is very important. Fishing during the bass spawn can be difficult. Bass move to shallow waters which makes them easy to spot, however they eat much less. They prefer rocky or rough terrain, but will nest in sandy areas if there are no other options. Getting a bass to strike at a lure can be more difficult than you might expect.


After identifying a fish nest, patience and strategy is required. Bass are smart and over time can identify what is a natural bait and what is a lure. You may need to try various types of lures in different places around the nest to get their attention. Some popular bass fishing lures during this time include IFG Square Bills, Bass Bites, and the Chaos Craw.


Since bass are in shallow waters, you can typically spot their dug out nests from shore. Keep in mind that if you can see them, they can also see you. To catch a bass that is nesting you will have to have precise lure placement right near the nest. The male bass won't be lured away from their young, but will instinctively attack a lure to defend the spawn. Be patient and you can enjoy success bass fishing during the spawn.  

Date: 2/28/19